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Health Benefits of The Top 6 Mushrooms Supplements Article written by Antioxi

Top 6 Mushroom Supplements: What to Know Before You Buy

Mushrooms are fascinating! Not only do they pop up everywhere in nature, but their health benefits are truly remarkable. Let’s dive into the world of six powerhouse mushrooms and discover why they’ve earned a spot in your wellness routine.

Index

  • Reishi
  • 2. Cordyceps
  • 3. Maitake
  • 4. Lion’s Mane
  • 5. Turkey Tail
  • 6. Chaga
  • Different Medicinal Components
  • What to Look Out for When Purchasing a Mushroom Supplement 
  • Reishi - "Ancient Immunity Booster"

    Why You’ll Love It: Known as the “Mushroom of Immortality,” Reishi has been cherished for centuries. Imagine a calmer, more balanced life with better sleep and enhanced immunity. [1, 2]

    • Benefits: Boosts immune health, reduces inflammation, supports liver function, and improves sleep.
    • Key Compounds: Triterpenes, Beta D Glucan
    • Fun Fact: Reishi mushrooms were so valued in ancient China that they were reserved for royalty!

    Find out more about the health benefits of Reishi here.

    2. Cordyceps: Energise Your Health Routine

    Cordyceps Mushroom Fruiting Body

    What it is

    The Cordyceps mushroom is a medicinal mushroom known mainly for its lung health boosting properties. Being mostly used to treat respiratory conditions for hundreds of years, it also possesses a variety of other health boosting properties such as immune-strengthening and reducing risks of diabetes. [3,4]

    Key Benefits

    - Helps fight infections

    - Provides Lung Support

    - Improves Stamina & Endurance 

    - Promotes Liver Health

    Medicinal components

    - Beta D Glucans

    - Cordycepin

    - Adenosine

    Find out more about the health benefits of Cordyceps here

    3. Maitake: Nature's Cardio Support

    Maitake Mushroom Fruiting Body

    What it is

    The health benefits of the Maitake mushroom are well documented in Japan, where this medicinal mushroom has been used for centuries. With extensive research over the past decade, researchers suggest that the mushroom has potential for boosting immune health, improving cardiovascular health, and helping to manage PCOS symptoms.[5]

    Key Benefits

    - Boost Immune Health 

    - Cardiovascular Health Support

    - Cholesterol Support

    - Manage PCOS symptoms

    Medicinal components

    - Beta Glucans

    Find out more about the health benefits of Maitake here.

    4. Lion’s Mane: Unlock Your Brain’s Potential

    Lion's Mane Mushroom Fruiting Body

    What it is

    Like most mushrooms on this list, Lion’s Mane has been used for hundreds of years for its medicinal properties. This unique-looking mushroom is mostly known for its anti-ageing and cognitive boosting capabilities, but it also has other health benefits such as assisting to combat anxiety and managing immunity. [6]

    Key Benefits

    - Supports cognitive function

    - May help manage anxiety

    - May help manage depression

    - Supports Brain Health

    Medicinal components

    - Hericenones

    - Erinacines

    Find out more about the health benefits of Lion's Mane here.

    5. Turkey Tail: Nature’s Defense System

    Turkey Tail Mushroom Fruiting Body

    What it is

    Turkey Tail is one of the most extensively researched mushrooms in the world. The mushroom has been cited to help improve immune health with majority of the research focusing on cancer treatment. [7]

    Key Benefits

    - Immune Health Support

    - Cancer & Chemotherapy Support

    - Combat Fatigue

    Medicinal components

    -Beta glucans

    Find out more about the health benefits of Turkey Tail here.

    6. Chaga: The King of Gut Wellness

    Chaga Mushroom Fruiting Body

    What it is

    Chaga is mostly found on birch trees in cold climates. Aside from its specific growth conditions, Chaga is also described as having a “burnt charcoal” like appearance, making it one of the most unique-looking mushrooms on this list. Research suggests Chaga can help with strengthening immune health, managing inflammation and help manage blood sugar and cholesterol levels. [8]

    Key Benefits

    - Help manage Psoriasis 

    - Reduce Inflammation

    - Can Provide Cholesterol Support

    - Improve Immune Health

    Medicinal components

    - Beta D Glucans

    Find out more about the health benefits of Chaga here.

    Undersrtanding Medicinal Components

    Just like herbs, mushrooms confer their medicinal properties through their special active compounds. 

    Mushroom Key Benefits Key Compound Fun Fact / Tip
    Reishi
    • Boosts immune health
    • reduces inflammation
    • improves sleep
    Triterpenes, Beta D Glucan Once reserved for royalty in ancient China
    Cordyceps
    • Enhances endurance
    • supports lung/liver health
    Beta D Glucans, Cordycepin, Adenosine Athletes use it for performance enhancement
    Maitake
    • Supports cardiovascular health
    • cholesterol management
    Beta Glucans Try adding to stir-fries for a health boost
    Lion's Mane
    • Enhances cognitive function
    • reduces anxiety & depression
    Beta Glucans, Hericenones, Erinacines Promotes brain health and regeneration
    Turkey Tail
    • boosts immune health
    • supports cancer treatment
    Beta Glucans Used in traditional medicine for centuries in Asia
    Chaga
    • supports gut health
    • reduces inflammation
    Beta Glucans Grows on birch trees and looks like burnt charcoal

    Beta Glucans

    Beta Glucans are a source of soluble fibre. Soluble fibre has been found to help contribute to cardiovascular health, specifically lowering high cholesterol and improving blood sugar management. This compound has also been cited to help with skin conditions such as eczema, wounds, and bedsores. More importantly, beta glucans have also been shown to help fight off bacterial infections. [10]

    Hericenones & Erinacines

    These compounds are isolated from Lion’s Mane. They have many benefits regarding brain health and function, but both are known to stimulate brain cell regeneration. These have also been cited to help lower the risk of neurodegenerative diseases that can negatively affect mood, cognition, and memory. [11]

    Cordycepin

    As the name implies, cordycepin is found in cordyceps and is known for various nutraceutical and therapeutic potential. Studies suggest this compound has anti-diabetic, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-ageing properties. [12]

    Triterpenes

    Triterpenes have been found to have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and pro-immunity properties. Triterpenes have also been found to help in the management of diabetes, particularly regarding complications such as insulin resistance and impaired wound healing. [13]

    Peptides

    Peptides can be described as smaller versions of proteins. They are commonly included in many cosmetic products and supplements because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-ageing properties. Beyond aesthetics, peptides have been found to have potential when it comes to blood pressure management, antimicrobial effects, blood clot prevention, and strengthening the immunity. [14]

     

    How to Spot A Fake Mushroom Supplement?

    There are various factors to consider when choosing a good quality mushroom supplement. One of the most important ones are the lab reports showing the testing the mushrooms have undergone for the active ingredients as well as safety standards such as heavy metals. For a comprehensive checklist read the following article here .

    In conclusion, there are many types of mushrooms out there, but only a few that have been extensively studied for their health benefits. 

    While many of the mushrooms confer similar health benefits, each mushroom has its own key benefits and unique compounds that make them suitable for specific health needs.

    References: 

    1. Singh R, Dhingra GS, Shri R. Evaluation of Antianxiety Potential of Four Ganoderma (Agaricomycetes) Species from India in Mice. Int J Med Mushrooms. 2016;18(11):991-998. doi: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v18.i11.40. PMID: 28008811.

    2. Dudhgaonkar S, Thyagarajan A, Sliva D. Suppression of the inflammatory response by triterpenes isolated from the mushroom Ganoderma lucidum. Int Immunopharmacol. 2009 Oct;9(11):1272-80. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2009.07.011. Epub 2009 Aug 3. PMID: 19651243.

    3. Ashraf SA, Elkhalifa AEO, Siddiqui AJ, et al. Cordycepin for Health and Wellbeing: A Potent Bioactive Metabolite of an Entomopathogenic Cordyceps Medicinal Fungus and Its Nutraceutical and Therapeutic Potential. Molecules. 2020;25(12):2735. Published 2020 Jun 12. doi:10.3390/molecules25122735

    4. Guo JY, Han CC, Liu YM. A Contemporary Treatment Approach to Both Diabetes and Depression by Cordyceps sinensis, Rich in Vanadium. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2010;7(3):387-389. doi:10.1093/ecam/nep201

    5. Preuss HG, Echard B, Bagchi D, Perricone NV. Maitake mushroom extracts ameliorate progressive hypertension and other chronic metabolic perturbations in aging female rats. Int J Med Sci. 2010;7(4):169-180. Published 2010 Jun 7. doi:10.7150/ijms.7.169

    6. Lai PL, Naidu M, Sabaratnam V, Wong KH, David RP, Kuppusamy UR, Abdullah N, Malek SN. Neurotrophic properties of the Lion's mane medicinal mushroom, Hericium erinaceus (Higher Basidiomycetes) from Malaysia. Int J Med Mushrooms. 2013;15(6):539-54. doi: 10.1615/intjmedmushr.v15.i6.30. PMID: 24266378.

    7. Stamets P. Trametes versicolor (Turkey Tail Mushrooms) and the Treatment of Breast Cancer. Glob Adv Health Med. 2012;1(5):20. doi:10.7453/gahmj.2012.1.5.007

    8. Wang J, Wang C, Li S, Li W, Yuan G, Pan Y, Chen H. Anti-diabetic effects of Inonotus obliquus polysaccharides in streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic mice and potential mechanism via PI3K-Akt signal pathway. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Nov;95:1669-1677. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2017.09.104. Epub 2017 Oct 6. PMID: 28954386.

    9. Lovegrove A, Edwards CH, De Noni I, et al. Role of polysaccharides in food, digestion, and health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2017;57(2):237-253. doi:10.1080/10408398.2014.939263

    10. Sima P, Vannucci L, Vetvicka V. β-glucans and cholesterol (Review). Int J Mol Med. 2018;41(4):1799-1808. doi:10.3892/ijmm.2018.3411

    11. Li IC, Chang HH, Lin CH, et al. Prevention of Early Alzheimer's Disease by Erinacine A-Enriched Hericium erinaceus Mycelia Pilot Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study. Front Aging Neurosci. 2020;12:155. Published 2020 Jun 3. doi:10.3389/fnagi.2020.00155

    12. Ji DB, Ye J, Li CL, Wang YH, Zhao J, Cai SQ. Antiaging effect of Cordyceps sinensis extract. Phytother Res. 2009 Jan;23(1):116-22. doi: 10.1002/ptr.2576. PMID: 18803231.

    13. Nazaruk J, Borzym-Kluczyk M. The role of triterpenes in the management of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Phytochem Rev. 2015;14(4):675-690. doi: 10.1007/s11101-014-9369-x. Epub 2014 Jun 24. PMID: 26213526; PMCID: PMC4513225.

    14. Pripp AH. Effect of peptides derived from food proteins on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Food Nutr Res. 2008;52:10.3402/fnr.v52i0.1641. doi:10.3402/fnr.v52i0.1641

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    Disclaimer

    The information on this blog is for informational purposes only and not a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult a healthcare professional before using medicinal mushrooms, especially if you are on medication or have a health condition. We do not guarantee the accuracy of the information provided. Use at your own risk. Statements about health benefits have not been evaluated by regulatory authorities. By using this blog, you agree to this disclaimer.